The Employment Appeal Tribunal is a tribunal non-departmental public body in England and Wales and Scotland, and is a superior court of record. Its primary role is to hear appeals from Employment Tribunals in England, Scotland and Wales. It also hears appeals from decisions of the Certification Officer and the Central Arbitration Committee and has original jurisdiction over certain industrial relations issues.
The Tribunal may sit anywhere in Great Britain, although it is required to have an office in London. It is part of the UK tribunals system, under the administration of the Tribunals Service. On 1 November 2007, the Tribunal came under the supervision of the Administrative Justice and Tribunals Council. Although it is a superior court of record, the Tribunal may not make adeclaration of incompatibility under the Human Rights Act 1998.
There are two classes of members of the Tribunal:
- Nominated members, who are appointed from English and Welsh Circuit Judges, Judges of the High Court and the Court of Appeal as well as at least one Judge from the Court of Session.
- Appointed members, who must have special knowledge or experience of industrial relations, appointed either as representatives of:
- Employers; or
The Tribunal is governed by the Employment Appeal Tribunal Rules 1993, as amended in 1996, 2001, 2004 and 2005, and further by its Practice Direction. Parties are expected to understand and apply these rules.
The Tribunal only has jurisdiction to consider appeals on questions of law. Appeals on questions of fact are only allowed in exceptional circumstances, on the ground that a tribunal decision was so perverse or defective that no reasonable tribunal could have arrived at that decision. A pervesity appeal will only succeed if the party overwhelmingly demonstrates that Employment Tribunal's decision was one which no reasonable tribunal, on a proper appreciation of the evidence and the law, would have reached.
Appeals from the Employment Appeals Tribunal
A party dissatisfied with a decision of the Employment Appeal Tribunal may apply to the Tribunal requesting a review of its own decision. The Tribunal may also review its decision of its own motion. Decisions can be reviewed where an error is relatively minor, for example a clerical error. Where a party believes the Tribunal has misapplied the law or acted perversely, the review process is inappropriate and the party must appeal to the Court of Appeal of England and Wales or Court of Session (Scotland).
Parties are expected to comply with strictly enforced time limits when applying for a review or appeal.
- "Employment Appeal Tribunal". Tribunals Service. 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- ^ Industrial Tribunals Act 1996, s.20
- ^ Industrial Tribunals Act 1996, s.20(2)
- ^ Administrative Justice and Tribunals Council (Listed Tribunals) Order 2007, SI 2007/2951
- ^ Whittaker v. P & D Watson (t/a P and M Watson Haulage)  ICR 1244
- ^ Industrial Tribunals Act 1996, s.22(1)
- ^ "Employment Appeal Procedure Rules". Tribunals Service. 2005. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- ^ "Practice Direction". Tribunals Service. 2004. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- ^ Yeboah v. Crofton CA  EWCA Civ 794
- ^ Employment Protection Act 1975, s.87
- ^ Employment Appeal Tribunal Contact Us